Gong Lik is generally translated as Forward Intent or Forward Energy and is a well known energetic used in many of the Martial Arts but how it is used and executed varies between the different individual Arts.
Primarily Gong Lik is the mental aspect of combat, its role is to help us in balancing mental aggression from our aggressors. Having the will power to move forward/sideways instead of backwards takes us out of a defensive position as true self defence requires an offensive response.This mental Intent not only addresses mental agression, it also physically strengthen the arm positions by generating Internal power by cleverly exploiting the natural strengths of our ligaments mechanics. As a result we can apply more power from a neutral position than we could otherwise.
In the footwork of some kung fu systems as in the case of Ancestors the objective is to maintain forward (Intent) steps with the result that any steps backward would be non deliberate. Intentionally stepping back would result in a break or at the very least a disruption in Gong Lik. As such inorder to maintain a constant forward pressure, resistance is redirected without lifting the power.
Gong Lik can be expressed in two ways and can be categorised as either Linear or Neutral (Non Linear) with each method having its own specific purpose and advantages.
The Linear method involves a 50/50 simultaneous combination of Forward Intent and Forward Energy. So for example when engaging in Rolling Hands in a Chi Sau scenario, there will be a continuous forward motion of the arms and body into the target such that if the opponent suddenly removes resistance it would increase the speed and effectiveness of your attacks. This type of use gives rise to the famous Kung Fu expression “Hand comes, detain; hand goes, follow; hand lost, spring forwards”.
The second method can be described as Neutral or Non Linear and involves only Forward Intent. This results in the hands gaining additional power which do not shoot forward if the resistance is taken away. When using this method it is always harder to read the energies of the arms as they will give the impression of forward energy when in fact there is only intent. This allows for more flexibility and control when reacting to sudden changes of non linear movements. This type of use gives rise to the famous Kung Fu expression “Enemy doesn’t move, I don’t move, enemy moves I move first.” Off course at first this does not seem physically plausable but by moving first with our 'Intent' we are able to deliver this as a physical reality and thus this Idiom applies to Internal styles of Kung Fu.
The External version of this same Idiom is "Enemy doesn’t move, I don’t move, enemy moves but I arrive first" which is acheived through superior angulation and timing of attacks.
Finally and most importantly both types of Gong Lik methods allows for the combination of Fau Lik (Floating) and Chum Lik (Downward/Forward Pressing) and in each case the effectiveness lies in how skilfully both of the above are combined and applied in real application.
|Comments () >>
You must be logged in to post a comment. Please register if you do not have an account yet.